Tuesday, 23 July 2019

SUMMER MUSINGS 2: Multichannel and the audiophile. MCh streaming with a TV Box. And Thoughts on the Future...

Hope you're all having a great summer... I thought I should take the opportunity to respond to this comment from Steven on the blog post last time broadly and with more details:
Steven 8 July 2019 at 21:07 
What about surround sound? Some of us are into that stuff. ;>
It does change things slightly. USB and S/PDIF won't suffice for lossless 4.0/5.1/and beyond audio data. That leaves HDMI or analog, afaik.
Excellent points Steven.

Surround/multichannel playback is important and sadly rather neglected in the audiophile world. I saw recently that the TAS website posted this article on the "rebirth" of quadraphonic sound.

Hmmm, isn't this actually the "rebirth of the rebirth" of quadraphonic? As I recall, there was a rather significant thing among home theater enthusiasts and audiophiles called multichannel SACD and DVD-A around Y2K :-).

I've always thought it unfortunate that some (many!) audiophiles and magazines did not embrace multichannel audio back in Y2K but instead relegated it to the home theater hobbyists. Other than Kal Rubinson and his "Music In The Round" column in Stereophile, I've rarely seen articles on multichannel over the last decade targeted at audiophiles. Not only is multichannel neglected, but I see that some audiophiles actively oppose it with comments like "You've only got two ears!" and other such supposed justifications of that stance.

I find this kind of response rather surprising considering how audiophiles often state a desire to replicate "live" musical performances that of course take place in 3D space with potential sound sources and reflections coming from all around. And even if one is not after "live" realism, surround audio provides an opportunity for artists and producers to expand their creative options. Imagine, some audiophiles seem to believe that their ears possess such immense ability that they could hear the difference between silver and OFC copper conductors (and potentially willing to upgrade cables for thousands of dollars). Many of these audiophiles even seem to spend huge amount of time testing and "listening for" differences. Surely whatever differences one might hear doing this pales in comparison to the improved spatial representation from good multichannel set-ups and recordings! For anyone who has ever experienced good multichannel music, the difference is clearly not subtle.

It doesn't take much head scratching to guess why having >2 speakers in one's room might not have caught on for many. It's not because it doesn't sound good... Rather, it's because of resource demands to get it done right. To get high quality surround, you do need space and there is a price to pay for adding speakers, to add a few more amplifiers possibly, find high quality multichannel source devices, decent multichannel decoder/receiver with features like bass management, and everything else in between like cables.

As Steven says, lossless multichannel is a no-go with the S/PDIF interface as it was not designed to handle more than 2-channels losslessly. It can however manage a lossy multichannel bitstream like AC3 or DTS. (Remember that 5.1 24/48 requires a lower bitrate than lossless 2.0 24/192, so it's not primarily a bitrate issue for S/PDIF.)

HDMI indeed is the most common digital interface for multichannel. Although jitter was more of an issue in the past, it has gotten better with newer implementations like with the Oppo UDP-205 (remember, jitter isn't really audible unless extremely severe anyway). HDMI implementation can be a bit challenging for small companies and licensing costs can be prohibitive.

However there is actually nothing stopping USB from sending multichannel audio. In fact I think as audiophiles this is not a bad option given that it can be implemented cheaply, and the asynchronous interface should be less jittery than HDMI. In fact, USB multichannel has been done for years with the exaSound e38 8-channel DAC for example or the inexpensive MiniDSP U-DAC8. For DIY folks and OEMs, I see MiniDSP also has the 8-channel USB MCHStreamer Kit available. There are other multichannel USB devices in the pro world. Vendor-specific ASIO drivers are common but it's convenient to have the USB Audio Class 2 (UAC2) drivers built into Mac OS X and Windows 10 these days already supportive of >2 channels. Devices such as this MOTU are capable of 64 in/out channels at 44.1/48kHz through USB 2.0 so an 8-channel hi-res audio setup (like 7.1) would be no problem at all. USB 3 is ubiquitous and would probably be a great choice these days for multi-channel DACs.

As I mentioned years ago, I already have a library of multichannel FLAC files ripped from DVD-A, SACDs and Blu-Rays. Due to the high likelihood for use of DSP in the playback system like bass management and room correction, I believe that there is no reason to keep multichannel DSD files as DSD - converting them to PCM (multichannel FLAC) with a good converter for me is simply less of a hassle and potentially sounds better.

While we might imagine one day, multichannel USB DACs may show up in quantity for our audiophile listening rooms, I think we don't have many options but to just stick with HDMI for now. Blu-Ray multichannel albums (like the range of releases from AIX Records or 2L or the occasional release like The White Album) sound fantastic for those spinning disks and one could rip DVD-A/SACD/Blu-Ray and play them off PCs in the audio room.

Beyond PC playback, for those of us streaming off a NAS, I'm currently using the excellent multimedia player Kodi on a "TV box" pointed at my directory of multichannel FLAC files. Kodi does a great job with reading my directory structure and metadata (as described), allowing me to select what I want to listen to on the TV screen. Even with my TV screen off, I can control Kodi with my phone using Kore.

For those wondering, here's how I'm streaming multichannel FLAC files from my Windows Server 2016 computer over to the sound/media room by using an inexpensive 2GB/1GbE Android TV box called the H96 Pro+ - there are many others such as this newer 3GB RAM version, or similar models like this Sunvell T95Z Max:

Amlogic S912-based TV box nestled in the equipment rack. On the left of the box is a USB 2.0 port for wireless keyboard (not seen), and on the right is a slot for microSD where an alternate OS can be booted off. (There's a recessed reset switch you hold down for a few seconds while plugging in the power connector to get the machine to boot off the microSD.)
I know this is probably getting too technical and too much of a hack for most audiophiles already, but basically, the idea is to convert this generic Android box, with a reasonably powerful 8-core CPU (Cortex-A53) + GPU based on Amlogic S912 chipset into a Kodi player. For the last year, I've been using LibreELEC (based on this build with "" as an update) and recently, I've upgraded to CoreELEC 9.0.3 (with matching "gxm_q201_2g_1gbit.dtb" device tree for this particular box as explained in the install instructions). What this does is install an all-in-one minimal Linux OS plus Kodi that will make that box into a dedicated "appliance" for video and audio streaming.

One writes the CoreELEC (or LibreELEC) OS image to an SD card (typically with something like Win32DiskImager) and boot the box with that SD card. I'll use it for a week or so to check stability, make sure it fits my needs and without problematic bugs. Once I've confirmed that it's working well with my network, I putty/ssh into the device's Linux terminal (for CoreELEC, default login "root" and password "coreelec") and issue the "installtointernal" command to have everything transferred into the box's internal eMMC flash (16GB is plenty) which is generally faster than the removable SD card. This will wipe out the box's stock Android OS and replace it with CoreELEC/LibreELEC. From this point on, the SD card can be removed.

Yeah, like I said, pretty technical and perhaps too esoteric for most mainstream audiophiles... Just be aware that for less than US$100, a Kodi box like this allows me to stream stuff over the wired gigabit network from my Windows Server machine over Samba share including playback of 4K HEVC HDR10 MKV videos and multichannel FLAC albums over HDMI to my surround receiver.

For those wondering, I have also tried using the older quad-core Amlogic S905 TV boxes as well. These also work fine especially for audio. But for a smoother 4K video streaming experience, I found the 8-core Amlogic S912 processor with gigabit ethernet simply a better experience with less lag and little buffering even with high bitrate 4K/HDR/TrueHD-Atmos MKV material.

BTW, if you really want to go "high end" (but not high price!) with the latest and fastest Amlogic boxes, consider the recently released HardKernel ODROID-N2 with the new Amlogic S922X hexa-core chipset with 4 Cortex-A73s. Lots of potential in that new SBC, with speeds beyond the also-recently-released Raspberry Pi 4.

Screenshots of my settings in Kodi. Since the TV box is connected to a capable Yamaha receiver with HDMI 2, I can turn on passthru for all the audio bitstreams the receiver can decode including Dolby Digital Plus/EAC3, DTS-HD +/- DTS:X, and Dolby TrueHD +/- Atmos.

The lower screenshot is a reminder that if you ever run into issues with Samba networking, sometimes these boxes will boot into Kodi without network initiation completed. Turning on "Wait for network" worked for me. T
hese pictures were with LibreELEC, the CoreELEC set-up menu is essentially identical.
Point Kodi to where you have your music - in my case where I put all my multichannel FLAC files on the network off my "JEEVES" server/NAS:

Kodi will scan the music directory and does a fine job of displaying the albums with cover art. I use a wireless USB keyboard/trackpad to control:

Kodi album view for the music in the Samba share directory. Since I only use this to play my multichannel albums, these are all surround FLACs from 4.0 to 5.1. Some of the albums collected over the years have been community/fan upconversions of stereo to multichannel using various techniques to DTS which I'll convert to 5.1 FLAC. Many of these unofficial upconversions sound amazing!
Even if I don't have the TV on, so long as the surround receiver is turned on to play the music, I can control the TV box using the Kore app on my smartphone/tablet:

Android device running Kore to remote control the Kodi player. Multichannel Beatles collection displayed.
Let's not forget that the main use for that box is still for movies!

I leave the LibreELEC / CoreELEC box turned on 24/7 and it has been stable with uptimes for months over the last year. For completeness then, my sound room multichannel setup looks like this:
Amlogic TV box --> HDMI --> Yamaha RX-V781 receiver / processor
Yamaha analogue AUDIO: pre-amp analogue output to Emotiva XSP-1 preamp for front stereo & LFE (HT bypass mode). Surround & center channels decoded and fed by the Yamaha to those speakers.
Yamaha digital VIDEO: HDMI 2.0 out to Vizio P-series 4K TV
So in my room, there are actually two "systems" in one. My standard 2-channel playback streaming with Logitech Media Server or Roon to either the Raspberry Pi streamer or Oppo UDP-205 (Roon-ready). Two-channel analogue DAC output sent to my Emotiva XSP-1 pre-amp which then feeds my Emotiva XPA-1L monoblocks with lowpass to the subwoofer. And then there is the multichannel system above that uses the Amlogic S912 TV box and the Yamaha receiver but routes the front stereo and LFE analogue channels to the Emotiva pre-amp while the Yamaha receiver amplifies the centre/rear/Atmos speakers.

While it may be a little inconvenient separating 2-channel from multichannel playback, it does work well and allows me to focus as much resources as I want on the 2-channel component system plus provides flexible multichannel playback. I would love to see a fully Roon-ready economical mainstream receiver system (like Denon, Yamaha, Marantz...) that can take multichannel lossless audio off ethernet without unnecessary HDMI cables nor piggybacked with a video stream. While not exactly the same, it would have been groundbreaking for example if the Oppo UDP-205 could have accepted multichannel Roon input and sent the data out through HDMI to the receiver; alas, the UDP-205 could only handle 2-channel Roon streams.

Let's end off this post with thoughts about the future and how maybe in time, we might find ourselves having more access to multichannel music recordings and playback capabilities.

Like with any media system, there's always a "chicken or egg" problem between hardware adoption and software availability. While multiple surround speakers in the living room isn't as economical and can be spatially cumbersome, thus commercially hasn't been a great success, is there still a way to encourage the consumption and hence production of more multichannel mixes?

Indeed, there might be. Here are a couple ways that the AV and audiophile industry could proceed forward to draw more listeners in:

1. Expand the use of surround soundbars. I know audiophiles tend to look down on soundbars, but just like Bluetooth headphones and speakers, they are popular and can still sound very good! With DSP processing and multispeaker arrangements, the potential is there for soundbars to virtually project excellent facsimiles of enhanced "space" for the listener using multichannel encoded material.

An example is the well-reviewed Sennheiser AMBEO Soundbar. Though not cheap at US$2500, it does look good, appears well built, and could overcome the space and "acceptance factor" issues in a living room.

2. Get the masses of headphone users interested with HRTF-based DSP-reconstructed binaural playback. This I think is more exciting than soundbars with potential for greater consumer participation. Back in CES2018, Creative showed off their Super X-Fi DSP system. Well guys, I got my Super X-Fi Amp (SXFI Amp) the other day shipped from Hong Kong:

To measure HRTF accurately, one would have to capture multiple binaural impulse responses. Creative instead estimates the function by having you take a photo of your ears and face using an Android phone. The app then extracts some data off that to compute your approximate HRTF to program the onboard DSP when you hook up the SXFI Amp to the phone via USB-C. From there, the device is a UAC 2.0 compliant DAC communicating at USB 2.0 speed that can accept up to 7.1 input for headphone playback (based on AKM4377 DAC chip with Creative's DSP processor).

I'm not a fan of "fake surround" with stereo content played back with the Creative DAC thus far, though vocals are pushed forward instead of sounding like they're deep inside the head. With true 5.1 material fed into it, the soundscape does open up nicely depending on the material. So far, I've mainly been listening using Windows 10 set to 7.1 multichannel playback to the SXFI Amp (after HRTF "personalization" data uploaded through the Android phone).

Multichannel movie soundtracks can sound excellent. For example, I had a listen to the recent 2001: A Space Odyssey 4K release with DTS-HDMA and the screaming chimps at the start as they battled in "surround" was rather jarring, and the soundtrack vocals when they discover the Monolith on the Moon was just plain scary in how the voices filled virtual space. Listening to the rock concert / "Shallow" performance scene in Cooper/GaGa's A Star Is Born brought a smile to my face. FLAC 5.1 multichannel music envelops the listener in a way I have not experienced before with headphones and other "spatializer" algorithms. A good album to try is the 2015 5.1 remix of Roger Waters' Amused To Death as one might expect; in fact, even the QSound-encoded CD sounded very good to me with the DSP on. Another one that sounds great is Alan Parsons' On Air decoded from DTS - have a listen to "Blue Blue Sky".

It's certainly not perfect and the effect will vary for each person, headphone used, and recording. For me, an open headset like the AKG Q701 sounded more spacious than closed cans, including the Aurvana SE (Live!) that comes in the package. At best the photos of ears and face are a vague approximation of individual HRTF with hopefully much room for improvement. It's good that they're also refining the DSP algorithm - my unit shipped with old firmware 1.19.05 and the latest 1.40.07 firmware update improved vocals significantly (vocals used to have way too much echo which was simply unacceptable). I'll report more on this device and likely give you guys some measurements of the little USB DAC in the process later. Remember that the ultimate goal of this DAC/DSP is not about accuracy or fidelity (compared to something like the AudioQuest DragonFly Cobalt based on their advertising at least), it's about creating an illusion; the adequacy of achieving this goal will have to be highly subjective! Regardless of measured/objective resolution, it's still a fun toy thus far :-).

While this Creative solution may be an easily accessible commercial product now, there are others. Things like the THX Spatial Audio Platform and JVC/Kenwood "EXOFIELD" might be of interest. Headphone enthusiasts may also already know of the Out Of Your Head software. I think things could get very exciting with headphone 3D virtualization and multichannel mixes.


Imagine if a streaming service, instead of sending out MP3 320kbps, were to stream everything in a very high quality lossy codec similar to E-AC3 at 1+Mbps and up to 7.1 channels plus Atmos-like objects (hey, Atmos-encoded Kind of Blue would be very cool!). Imagine now that all decoder software/hardware for this streaming service were capable of extracting and folding down if necessary the audio stream to whatever number of channels for playback from 2.0 to full multichannel. While most albums would still be 2.0, by making 5.1+ also available for those who can extract them in "surround" quality would be an amazing step up for music streaming as a whole and would bring multichannel to the masses! Nothing in this scenario cannot be done today at standard broadband Internet speeds, not to mention the expected huge increase in wireless speed when 5G becomes prevalent.

A streaming service like this can target all devices from a guy walking down the street listening to standard 2.0 headphones, to tricked out DSP-driven headphone playback (like the Creative SXFI Air) that can simulate the extra channels, to beam-forming soundbars like the Sennheiser AMBEO Soundbar, and finally to a full soundroom with discrete speakers and powerful surround processor. Such seamless integration of 2-channel and multichannel would be my dream music streaming service!

Using a high bitrate, high quality, lossy multichannel codec would absolutely make sense for a "next generation" kind of streaming service. Remember guys/gals, like hi-res Blu-Ray or UHD Blu-Ray video which is always lossy, there's no point arguing about lossless/lossy if the bitrate is high enough to be imperceptible. As a feature, availability of multichannel encoded material would IMO be much preferable to "hi-res" stereo which is effectively inaudible and meaningless anyway for most albums. In comparison, the ridiculous MQA codec brings nothing of value to the consumer.

While under the radar and not generally spoken about among audiophiles, we should know that MPEG-H 3D Audio (MPEG website) is already "out" and embraces the 3 methods of encoding 3D sound: multichannels (3.0, 4.0, 5.1, 7.1...), sound-objects (like Dolby Atmos, DTS:X), and ambisonic soundfield encoding. The THX link above mentions this, and it looks like Sony has demonstrated some content based on this codec with their "360 Reality Audio" this year.

While we will always have "classic" 2-channel stereo (available to consumers since 1957 with the first mass-produced stereo LPs), the path forward is 3D sooner or later. With high-resolution 2-channel audio easily achieved and mature these days, audio technology has no other option but to go 3D or remain stagnant with no real new features (beyond competing to reduce size and cost or the other direction of making expensive luxury products). While some audiophiles might never embrace the changes, don't be afraid of them or the exciting sonic opportunities! I think to maintain relevance as a hobby, it is in fact the role of audiophiles to change and embrace technology when appropriate, observe the benefits and drawbacks, while engaging in discussion and feedback to ultimately champion higher fidelity.

Hope you're all having a great July. Enjoy the music :-).


  1. Thanks for the reference to my comments on multichannel (http://www.stereophile.com/category/music-round). Please correct the spelling of my name to Rubinson.

    1. Woops... Sorry Kal. Fixed :-)

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  2. thanks for the reply. This is great! Much to ponder.

    My setup is pretty retro by comparison:

    Win10 desktop/laptop) with 2TB HD of music --> foobar2000 w/WASAPI and S/PDIF plugins --> HDMI out --> Denon AVR ->5.2 out

    Bitstreaming lets the Denon decode everything that needs decoding. If it's lossless, it's all PCM; like you, I always save DSD files as PCM...because DSD is silly.

    I have an annoying latency issue (i.e., when tracks are not played in tandem, I 'miss' the first half second or so of the next track) but otherwise it's great.

    Also, re: 'fake surround' I use it constantly and swear by Dolby Pro Logic II 'Music' mode. But it unfortunately has been phased out on a lot of modern AVR in favor of the less configurable (and less pleasing for music, to my ears) 'Dolby Surround Upmixer'.

    1. Hey Steven,
      Looks like a capable system and it works... Latency can be annoying for sure!

      Yeah, the whole DSD thing for multichannel was an unnecessary side show unfortunately. I suppose some would consider DSD altogether simply the result of Sony wanting to do something different at the end of Audio CD's patent life.

      Interesting point about Dolby PL II vs. Surround Upmixer. I didn't spend much time with the Upmixer, but I did give it a go for a few nights last year and wasn't all that impressed by the sound.

  3. Octo Research makes an 8 channel USB DAC with an 118 db Sinad Ratio for l.t. 1,000 Euros. Reviewed on ASR.

    1. It's Okto BTW:

  4. I have been promised one when production devices, not prototypes, are available. Should be soon.

    1. Kal, it would be very useful if you did a DIY article on how to configure JRMC as a 7.1 decoder which sends an LPCM signal out over USB to something like the OCTO. And, as they say on Reddit "Explain it like I'm five years old."

    2. Sure. No real difference than doing 5.1 but I don't have any 7.1 files, afaik.

    3. Well even 5.1 is good. Just a few screen shots how to set up multichannel, bass management, use one zone for multichannel, a second zone for stereo.

      With the Octo (or any comparable multi channel DAC), a windows box, and JRMC we have the equivalent of a full multi channel processor, and it would be a real service to open up everyone's eyes to that.

    4. Interesting sounding device and looking forward to it Kal.

  5. Your remote - it appears to be a Vizio Smartcast Remote. Is this compatible with the Google Chromecast Audio? If so, looks like that would be perfect as a front end display for my audio system.

    1. Yeah, that was the Vizio remote that came with my P-Series TV a few years back.

      I haven't tried but I don't see any reason it would not connect with the CCA. Pretty standard Android "tablet-like" device in the size of a typical smartphone and without cameras.

  6. Hello!

    I do use multichannel at home, with a collection of FLAC and DSD files.

    I also use Roon for this! My server has an HDMI connection to the receiver, and it works very well.

    The server has my Kodi too, but I use it only for videos, I always found it very clunky for music.


    There is hope that the Raspberry Pi 4's HDMI implementation will finally be able to support full bitrate multichannel PCM. I should be able to test it soon.

    1. Nice graphic of the home system Nicholas!

      Looks like you're an "early" adopter of the Pi system for streaming with a couple of Pi 2's there. Absolutely would be fantastic if Pi 4 Roon endpoint software can do HDMI multichannel. That would be the logical step forward.

    2. Another system I've built, for someone else, with Roon, tons or Raspberry Pis, and an HDMI 5.1 audio component:


      Intel's implementation of HDMI works great under Linux for multichannel LPCM audio. NVIDIA and AMD/ATI are nowhere...

      I've had all the Raspberry Pi models since its creation, used mainly for Kodi and music. I have great hope for the Pi 4, regarding 4K HDR (the news are good, even for people like me with a non 4K receiver: 4K HDR on one output, audio on the other) and multichannel LPCM audio. I'll have a Pi 4 with me soon, and intend to test it immediately. I can report back here!

      In the meantime, I've asked about the topic:


    3. So many things can be done with a Pi and cheap but nice boards for music. And a few cheap parts later, you can even built something practical and nice for the bedroom!


      I have a 7" touchscreen on the Pi+DAC in the main room, with Ropieee (Linux OS dedicated to running Roon Bridge) displaying info on what Roon is playing, and offering basic controls. I love it.

    4. More Roon systems I've built using RPi...

      In the Washington State mountains, 2 hours from Seattle

      In Dar Es-Salaam, moved from Dubai:

      And my daughter's system. She's 17 and got it as a Christmas gift. The Rotel is an old amp of mine that I've recapped for her.

    5. Very nice looking Pi-based sound systems there Nicholas.

      I see there's still no reply yet on the Pi 4 multichannel HDMI query yet. Will keep fingers crossed that it'll happen :-).

    6. I'll have a Pi 4 with me soon. I'll have the answer less than an hour after unboxing.

  7. I can warmly recommend the remastered Meddle by Pink Floyd that was "hidden" in their last box sets. 24/96, available in stereo as well as 5.1.

    1. Thanks for the tip!

      Will look out for that one when shopping. I see it's hidden as you noted as part of the "Early Years" box set. How strange... Surely they must know that end users are going to "discover" this.

    2. https://consequenceofsound.net/2016/11/pink-floyds-meddle-remasters-secretly-released-as-part-of-the-early-years-compilation/

      Apparently a release that got cancelled, and just removed from the official menu.

    3. LOL. Cancelling the release but keeping the full contents on the disk, just missing menu item! Yeah... In this day and age that's just not going to work :-).

  8. Great comments on headphones!

    Ever since a noise complaint I've been obsessed with surround sound over headphones.

    I've tried everything that's available (Exofield and THX's solution aren't really available). SXFI is very good but for those that are more technically inclined there's a fantastic open source project that actually measures your own ears with binural mics. (https://github.com/jaakkopasanen/Impulcifer). I'm getting the best results I've ever had with that.

    1. Wow! Awesome Dush, I was think about whether something like this was available. Thanks for the link, man will definitely have to give this a try...

      I see in that Creative demonstration video linked on the page that they ran the participants in CES2018 through sweeps with them wearing the microphones. Would love to know if the SXFI folks ever released a procedure to do this measurement ourselves! That would certainly be superior to taking a picture of ears and head!

    2. The author even has virtual room correction forthcoming. So you can virtually eliminate early reflections, reduce RT time and flatten frequency response. Because it's headphones pesky things like cross talk and moving your heads aren't an issue. So the virtual room will sound better than your real room.

      What playing around with the tool has made me realise is just how important the room is. I can A vs B room treatments too. You take a sweep before the treatment and after. Then with your trusty cans you can A vs B immediately.

      I'm suspicious with what Creative did at CES. They got excellent testimonials based on real binural mic measurements. They then used this marketing to sell a picture based approach. I have been very impressed with what I can do with the Super X-Fi but now that I've tried the real thing - there's no real comparison. But on the other hand - getting the measurements done is a right pain. For nerds like us it's a day of learning tools and trial and error. Creative's approach is much simpler to market and for people to use. THX's approach was identical - with pictures, but the only commercial implementation of it is a gaming headset which doesn't require any pictures.

      Be really interested in your thoughts on it - perhaps a dedicated post to get the word out too!

    3. Great article Arch! So many ways and options for multichannel surround, as an old school 2 channel guy, I still remain somewhat confused. I would love to listen to multichannel music and movies over headphones late at night while the family sleeps, but lost on the simplest approach. It still appears I need some sort of h/w processor to decode…? And then there is the headphones…

      @Dush, thanks for the link to Impulcifer! Wow, this is huge! I have the Sound Professionals MS-TFB-2-XLR and used them to review headphones and compare two very different loudspeakers eq’d the same.
      The binaural mics have a smooth frequency response extending to below 20 Hz. Looking forward to giving this a try and really impressed it is open source! I am also interested in how this may be applied for digital loudspeaker and room correction using binaural mics instead of the single omni measurement mic…

    4. I just got my Sound Professional mics last week and have been learning to use Impulcifer. For me there was a bit of a learning curve and some HW hurdles, but nothing very major. Yesterday the pieces came together and it's hard to describe just how incredible this project is. I've had audiophile level gear for decades. What I'm listening to right now is just stunning. Astonishing detail, full range tonal balance, imaging, dynamics, intimacy and realism like sitting live at the front edge of the stage. It's the kind of sound audiophiles dream about, and spend many thousands of $ seeking. And this on mere Senn HD600 headphones. The illusion is so convincing I still keep taking the phones off to make sure I'm not disturbing the neighbors. If you're willing to do some experimenting with arcane command line options and potentially finicky in ear mics, my experience is there's a pot of gold at the end of this rainbow.

  9. Hi, Archimago

    I have been following your blogs for quite a while and appreciate your thoroughness, balanced views and enjoyable writing style – all while conveying heaps of useful information.

    My post below is only vaguely related to this particular blog – in the sense that it refers to the ‘old’ and the ‘new’.

    I have the opportunity to acquire a device that has been in my wish list for a long time: a Logitech Transporter in prime condition. However, technology seems to have moved on since this mythical device was launched and I wonder how it compares (in sound quality) to today’s gear. I read somewhere that even a Raspberry with a HifiBerry Dac + Pro HAT (like your project elsewhere in this blog) sounds better. Would you be kind enough to comment on this?

    Thanks in advance for any wisdom that you can share.

    1. P.S.: I forgot to mention that I saw in the picture of your system that you shared within the review of the YEECO Class D Amplifier a few weeks ago that your Transporter still keeps pride of place amidst much more recent technology. I reckon that must mean something?

    2. Hey MR,
      Yes, absolutely the Transporter stays :-).

      Despite being more than a decade since I acquired it, the machine is still working great and a top performer for me. While the AKM4396 decoder inside might be older than the newer generation AKM in my RME ADI-2 Pro FS, as a playback component, the very low noise balanced XLR output is really only second to the Oppo UDP-205 on my rack. Subjectively, the Transporter remains a beautifully sounding device.

      Seriously, if I were asked to pick between a Pi/HifiBerry DAC+ Pro HAT and the Transporter for an evening of listening, it would be the Transporter.

      Hmmm... Maybe I should run the Transporter through my new test rig these days for some updated numbers and graphs to show comparative results.

    3. Thanks, Archimago – your ‘subjective’ views are truly appreciated, as is your continued endorsement of the Transporter. It is a shame that Logitech decided to cancel that product line – who knows what an updated Transporter model would sound like today – alas, commercial imperatives, I suppose.

      And yes, it would be great if you run your tests and compare the Transporter with the HifiBerry – and even better if you could include some of other recent high-end HATs that make a Raspberry into a Logitech Touch ‘clone’. Reading reviews of the Allo, IQAudio, DacBerry, Pecanpi, etc. boards makes you believe that it is possible to get with these devices the quality of sound that until now you could only get through high-end DACs costing one order of magnitude more.

      On this matter, you may find this comparative test to be of interest, if you have not seen it already: https://forum.volumio.org/volumio-soundcheck-invitation-for-hamburg-germany-t5918-150.html

      Again, thanks very much for responding to my post.

      MR, London

    4. Hi again

      May I trouble you with yet another question: you wrote that the “balanced XLR output is really only second to the Oppo UDP-205”. Would you say that such is also the case for the Transporter unbalanced output?

      Thanks and regards,


    5. Hi MR,
      Regarding the RCA output, to be honest I have not listened to this output in many years! So I'll see about getting some measurements for a comparison including both XLR and RCA. Looking back, I think the last time I gathered data from the Transporter was in 2016 when I started using the Focusrite Forte for measurements:

      Clearly this was before the Oppo UDP-205 showed up at my home in around April/May 2018.

      Thanks for the link of the German listening test. Alas, I can't say I have access to much if any of those "higher end" Raspberry Pi / SBC-based streamers with DAC HAT boards by companies like Allo, IQAudio, etc. I'll at least compare the results with the HiFiBerry DAC+ Pro when I get around to it :-).

    6. Hi, Archimago

      I have read through your post re measurements for the Focusrite Forte. Very informative, as usual. Your remark “The AudioEngine D3 and Logitech Transporter are not capable of more than 96kHz” reminded me of another question I wanted to ask you (and forgot): have you tried to run the 24/192 app for the Touch on the Transporter?

      On the DAC HAT boards, I think if you let the manufacturers know that you intend to review their gear, they will send you their gizmos very willingly.



  10. I have been a big fan of multi-channel since the days of the Hafler circuit but my setup is still very retro, with only a medium-size SACD collection, because I'm listening mostly to classical. For people into baroque music (especially Bach) I can highly recommend SACD recordings by the Bach Collegium Japan (http://bachcollegiumjapan.org/en/) because the back channel is very rich in room information. This is still a problem with supposedly 4 channel classical SACD, sometimes the room information is quite poor, not very much different from doubling the stereo output in the back. Pity! Still, when listening to stereo recordings on my speaker setup, I think a modest amount of sending the front channels to the back helps in filling the room better. Of course pop music can have a lot more multi-channel content.

    1. Hi Gilles,
      I too was a fan of the Dynaco quadapter (I think it was called) and then built a Dynaco SCA-80Q, which provided years of delight. When I upgraded my system, I went back to 2-channel for economy (and besides, the quad revolution had fizzled by then.) But I am glad to see surround making a comeback, thanks to home theater. I find surround music more satisfying than movies: those helicopters and dinosaurs behind me always seem to destroy the illusion.
      I don't have any pop/rock/jazz multichannel content, but wouldn't mind tracking some down. But there is actually quite a lot of good MCH classical content out there.
      Aside from BIS's BCJ (and nearly all recent) issues, Chandos and LSO Live recordings regularly release MCH downloads. The LSO MCH versions are available on enormous DSD filesfrom NativeDSD. Channel Classics also record surround versions available from NativeDSD. Pentatone has stunning remastered versions of 70s quad recordings on SACD (no downloads that I can find.) On sale now at prestomusic.com UK :).
      For a classical "demo" piece with more than just hall sound, the champ must be the Dies Irae from Berlioz' Requiem ("Grande Messe des Morts") with its 4 brass bands in the corners of the church. LSO Live has a surround version with Colin Davis (Mr. Berlioz back in the day) in St Paul's cathedral. Chandos also has a recent recording which I haven't heard, but they produce recordings about as good as anyone, so I will probably just buy that track to wow the guests.
      Other recommendations are welcome.
      Best to all on this most civil of audio sites,

    2. Before you buy (even one track), you should sample others in addition to the Garder (Chandos). I strongly recommend the Seattle (Morlot) and the Norrington (Hanssler) if you really want to hear the antiphonal effects in the Dies Irae.

    3. [QUOTE]I have been a big fan of multi-channel since the days of the Hafler circuit but my setup is still very retro, ...[/QUOTE]Hafler processing is not multichannel or, even, decoding.

      [QUOTE]This is still a problem with supposedly 4 channel classical SACD,...[/QUOTE] Unless you are living in the past, there really is no significant 4-channel classical SACD, afaik. 5.0 dominates with some 5.1 and 3.0 from the old RCA Living Stereo and Mercury Living Presence reissues.

  11. Two more issues worthy of consideration:
    1. Wave Field Synthesis. An expansion/elaboration of the basic soundbar to a more accurate representation of surround sound.
    2. The Smyth Realiser for headphones which, in an ideal world, would be an app on your phone and your AVR.

    1. Thanks KR,
      Hey, anything that can potentially make multichannel more accessible to the public with excellent results would be fantastic!

  12. I had the pleasure of meeting "Dr. AIX" at Axpona this year and purchased his book "Music and Audio: A User Guide To Better Sound" which has a sampler Blu-Ray showcasing multi-channel audio. The track "It Was A Lover and His Lass - Zephyr: Voices Unbound" is a great example of what can be done with multi-channel audio that no stereo setup can replicate.

  13. This comment has been removed by the author.

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