Saturday, 8 August 2020

DIY: Raspberry Pi "Touch" Audio Streamer (2020) and RoPieee - US$160. Spectral tilt, educational articles, and anti-audiophoolery...

It has been awhile since I built my Raspberry Pi "Touch" Streamer discussed back in 2017. We're here now in 2020 and I had the need to put another one together. Since 2017, I've been using Roon more than Logitech Media Server (LMS) in my sound room so I thought I'd focus on installing RoPieee for this article although piCorePlayer remains my preferred software for LMS use (I still have LMS running on a Linux VM on my Server machine for remote playback of music away from home).

Build price for this simple Pi USB streamer is very reasonable. Based on Amazon US$ prices at the time of writing:
Raspberry Pi 3 B+ - $42
AC Adapter 5V/3A with switch (microUSB for Pi 3) - $10
Official Raspberry 7" touchscreen - $64
SmartiPi Touch 2 case - $30
SanDisk 64GB microSD - $13 
RoPieee software - donation-ware download, your choice "standard" or "XL"
Grand total of <US$160 for this USB audio streamer with 7" touchscreen.

Notice that I'm using the older Pi 3 B+ (2018) because the quad-core 1.4GHz CPU is more than enough for an "appliance" like this, it runs quite cool, sips little power, and most of all, is fine without the need for active cooling. Yeah, the  Raspberry Pi 4 is new, but remember to always focus on "needs". Depending on your ambient temperature, the Pi 4 runs hotter and typically needs a fan which is verboten in my sound room - anything that increases ambient noise is a concern for hi-fi listening.

The older Raspberry Pi 3 B (2016) would also be fine for a build like this although it will run a little slower and the ethernet link will be limited to 100Mbps which might be a problem if you stream >192kHz material. Price difference is minimal so might as well get the B+. [Note: I tried the Pi 3 B and indeed it works very well so don't be afraid to use it instead if you already have one of these older boards.]

The 64GB SanDisk microSD I listed is obviously more than you will need; if you have a cheap, reliable 4+GB microSD somewhere, use that - no need for particularly high speed storage.

Assembly & Set-up...

This is quite simple and will not take much time. You should be able to get it running from start to finish in an evening. There's the instructional video from 2017 based on the original SmartiPi Touch case and is quite applicable still. However, since we are using the new SmartiPi Touch 2 case and installing RoPieee software, let's take a few photos along the way and discuss the DIY with some detail:

1. Here are the components. As you can see, I did this in the kitchen with my son. I have the blue silicone mat out for convenience and antistatic precautions. Note the Raspberry Pi 3 B+ board with small heat sink attached, an old 8GB microSD card and of course the SmartiPi Touch 2 case and 7" touchscreen boxes.

The only tool you'll need is a small long Philips-head screw driver. You'll need to reach into one of the holes to tighten a screw, hence a longer one.

2. Let's open up the SmartiPi Touch 2 box and have a peek. Notice many pieces are included with the case, we will actually not be using some of the pieces like the fan and its plastic enclosure for a Pi 3 board.

Notice the base plate up front. The main enclosure where the screen is inserted and Pi motherboard attaches is the piece to the left of my Raspberry Pi.

Note the small bag of screws; inside will be some short rounded-top and flat-top screws we will use in the next steps. Inside the larger plastic bag there are 2 ribbon cables. You'll need the non-folded straight one shortly as well (the other one is for use if you have the Pi camera).

3. Put aside the SmartiPi Touch 2 case for now. Open up the 7" Touchscreen box to get it ready.

Remove the long metal stand-offs and secure the controller board to the screen instead with short rounded-top screws found in the small SmartiPi plastic bag. As you can see in the picture below, I've already done this with the bottom right screw:

Attach the straight ribbon cable from the SmartiPi plastic bag. Note how the ribbon goes into that connector. Remember to pull the retention mechanism out to open the slot for cable insertion and then push in on the plastic mechanism to "lock" the ribbon cable in place.

4. Now it's time to put the screen into the SmartiPi  Touch 2 enclosure. Note the ribbon cable will make a 180° loop under the screen so that it can come out through the slot that connects with the compartment where the Raspberry Pi board will sit as per the picture in Step 5.

5. Using the short flat-top screws from the SmartiPi Touch 2, now secure the screen against the plastic case. Red arrows show where you screw in. The two on the left side will need a long head screwdriver to reach down into. Notice how the ribbon cable comes out from the slot.

6. Time to "etch" the RoPieee software onto your microSD card before inserting into the Raspberry Pi. Go to your computer now and download the RoPieee .bin software from the website. I used RoPieeeXL which is the superset of the software that includes functions for Apple AirPlay, DLNA, Spotify, Squeezelite and HQPlayer NAA. Obviously if all you need is Roon playback, just go with the standard RoPieee. (Not that I needed the extra features currently, but may be worth experimenting with in the future.)

Use the suggested Balena Etcher to write that .bin file to the 4+GB microSD.

Click Flash! when file and proper drive selected...

It'll take a few minutes as the microSD is written and verified.

7. Now put the "etched" microSD into the Pi memory slot. 

And we insert the Raspberry Pi into the SmartiPi Touch 2 case like so:

Notice the Pi sits in the compartment quite snugly with the M2.5 studs through the mounting holes. No screws needed. Attach the ribbon cable as above into the connector - again be mindful of the locking retention mechanism.

8. Snap on the back plate to secure the board in place. Note that you can knock out that pre-cut area on the back panel for more air flow to the CPU/heatsink if desired. I have had no issues with heat using the Pi 3 B+ and a small heatsink. Remember that if the Pi gets too hot, it will thermal throttle and you'll likely notice some sluggishness.

The fact that the Pi board is secured down without screws is good because it allows us to open up the case (with the snap-on piece's push tabs) to access the Pi board and easily switch out the microSD card if needed.

9. Secure the stand / base plate with the large screw and nut supplied with the SmartiPi Touch 2. Don't tighten too much since we do want to allow some adjustment for view angle.

10. Put on your favourite faceplate. I used the plain one as shown. There's another one if you have the Pi Mini Camera Module. Feel free to use the Lego one if you want to stick some toys on :-).

11. Attach the appropriate Y-cable for power. For the Pi 3B(+), we use the micro-USB cable. There's also a USB-C Y-cable included with the SmartiPi Touch 2 case if you have the Pi 4. Remember you'll also need to use the case backing with fan for the Pi 4.

Though not shown, this is also a good time to stick on the 4 plastic footers included with the SmartiPi case (red arrows indicate hind 2 locations to stick on the footers).

12. Plug in the power supply - remember, I recommend 5V/3A minimum since we're running both the Pi and touchscreen. In this picture below, I was using an old 2.5A supply and there's the yellow power icon on the upper right side of the screen indicating that the Pi detected a voltage drop - it needed more juice! If you see this, make sure to get a better power supply otherwise you might run into unexpected errors or storage data corruption that could be difficult to troubleshoot.

Found an outlet by the kitchen to plug in 1st time...
When you first turn on the device, it needs to install and configure the RoPieee software for your machine and it will stall without a network connection. Let's move it to my study and plug in the ethernet cable...

There you go, network detected, it's now installing software like RoonBridge (power still too low with the yellow icon flashing).

After the install, RoPieee will run and since I don't have a USB DAC plugged in and have not registered the device with Roon Core, we see this message:

As you can see, the default RoPieee setting has my screen oriented upside down. I suppose I could have changed the way the screen was inserted into the case but notice that in fact, the boot-up screen was normal which means that RoPieee is defaulting to an inverted setting. Let's adjust this and a few other things in the RoPieee set-up.

13. Go into the RoPieee web-based set-up to change the device name and screen orientation. Follow http://ropieeexl.local (for XL, or http://ropieee.local for standard version) or the direct IP address is also good.

In Roon tab, I changed Hostname (name of the device on your LAN) and Timezone. Clicked Audio USB to "on" as this is what I'll be using.

"Commit Change" to save and possibly need to reboot.

Now go into the Display tab:

Remember my screen was upside down? Normalize it with "Default" orientation (by default, I see RoPieee has it as "Rotated"). Feel free to change whatever Roon Control Zone you want to name this streamer which is of course what the device appears as in Roon. Note that the Roon Control Zone name does have to be reflected in the Roon software which I'll discuss below. Screen Saver Timeout is how many minutes to wait after music playback is stopped for the screensaver/clock to activate. "Commit Change" and reboot again as needed.

14. Almost there! Time to now connect the USB DAC to the device and let's register the new RoPieee Raspberry Pi "Touch" Streamer for Roon to see and control.

The RoPieee "Touch" device should recognize the USB DAC automatically - I've used it with both my Topping D10 and RME ADI-2 Pro FS R BE without issue.

Go into your Roon set-up now and enter Settings --> Extensions and you should see the Spockfish "RoPieee Remote Control" option, click "Enable".

You should now see the device available in the Roon Audio menu as one of the "zones" you can enable (in this image, RoPieee sees the Topping D10 USB audio output):

Once the DAC output is enabled, you should now see RoPieee spring to life and start playing music on the streamer...

Touch the lower right corner of the screen and you can control screen and clock brightness. I like to turn this down and not have the screen be too attention-seeking when listening to music. Notice the Topping D10 on the right connected by USB:

Hope all went well and congrats! Now go play some music with your new Raspberry Pi "Touch" Audio Streamer.

Even with aligning the bits and pieces for this write-up, making sure my son didn't break anything putting this together, photographing the steps, and doing snapshots of the software set-up, this took less than 2 hours.

I mentioned above about changing the name of Roon Control Zone in RoPieee's "Display" tab and needing to make sure the Roon software knows this. If the screen is showing an error, make sure to check that the name is correctly labelled. For example, if I change Roon Control Zone to "Soundroom RoPieee":

A few little details...

I remain very happy with these Raspberry Pi "Touch" Streamers over the years. Remember, if you tend to be an anxious audiophile after hearing all kinds of claims online about noisy screens and jitter issues, there is no need to worry. Inexpensive switching power supplies and the touchscreen have yet to result in any audible issue for me when attached to a modern USB DAC (investigated a little while back).

Likewise, no worries about ethernet causing any troubles or WiFi adding to noise issues. Unless you have a good reason to do it in your home, don't waste money on things like galvanic isolation such as purposely running an optical network for audio. That's simply laughable. There's much angst and baseless anxiety perpetuated by non-technically-oriented audiophiles online and in magazines IMO. Unless shown to be true (what equipment? what context?), it's best to remain skeptical about audiophile tweaks and the need for expensive stuff since they're almost always wrong.

While you'll need to start with wired ethernet as above, once RoPieee is working, if you prefer a WiFi connection, just go to the Network tab, enable WiFi, and adjust which wireless network/password, commit change and reboot before disconnecting the ethernet.

Remember that maintaining the data rate and avoiding stuttering (especially if you stream hi-res audio) with a strong, stable WiFi signal is essential. An inexpensive WiFi dongle/antenna might help if the Pi's built-in WiFi is too weak. There is no sound quality difference between WiFi vs. ethernet (explored here) so long as signal strength is good.

Finally check out this image:

You'll notice two things from this picture:

1. My wife got interested in Korean dramas and wanted to listen to some soundtracks. ;-)

2. Check out the red arrow - this is pointing at the samplerate. I'm upsampling the music in Roon to 32-bit / 768kHz which is the maximum samplerate for the RME ADI-2 Pro FS R DAC/ADC - rather extreme for audio playback of course! The DSP "Signal Path" in Roon is shown to the right with room correction convolution DSP active.

32-bits * 768,000 Hz * 2 channels = 49.152Mbps x 2 (ethernet & USB) = <100Mbps

Although the Raspberry Pi 3 B+'s ethernet is operating as a gigabit link (connected to my audiophile-approved Netgear Nighthawk S8000 of course!), remember that both the ethernet and USB2.0 are sharing the same internal bus which has a real-world transfer rate of 200-250Mbps. Despite this "limitation" (remember, theoretically gigabit ethernet should be 1,000Mbps and USB2.0 480Mbps), 32/768 audio is well within the real-world transfer limit. I did not hear any stuttering or errors during playback over a few hours. Obviously, the device has plenty of bandwidth for more typical 96kHz / 192kHz hi-res streaming.

Since I almost always apply room correction DSP in my playback, PCM encoding is much preferred for my music library. While I have not tried, there should not be an issue with DSD content streamed through RoPieee.


You could buy audiophile-recommended Raspberry Pi based streamers relatively inexpensively these days (Allo products seem prevalent). However, it's not hard putting these simple devices together and the 7" touchscreen on this build is relatively large compared to the screens of most streamers I've seen. It's great to be sitting at my listening sweet-spot 10-feet away and see the album cover at a glance. Furthermore, friends/family who come visit tend to be impressed by this.

So far, RoPieee (I started with version 2.535, currently 2.573) has worked like a champ. 24/7 stability for weeks. Remember that the enclosure and software are also compatible with various Pi HAT DAC boards like the HiFiBerry DAC+ Pro (measured here) and digital S/PDIF HATs like the Justboom Digi (measured here) - reasonable and inexpensive options although there are higher fidelity ones out there.

Simple streamer devices like this make great endpoints for a "Distributed Computer Audio" set-up. For me, it makes good sense to have a 2-piece (Streamer+DAC) solution because I can easily switch the streamer or upgrade the DAC as desired. Furthermore, at <$160 to build this, I'm putting the financial thrust into the DAC rather than a bit-perfect transport because that's where sound quality is to be gained on the hardware side. Money saved can go into the software side like Roon, streaming service subscription, or buying more music of course. It's always about considering the balance to achieve maximal value; no point spending money unnecessarily.

Remember that "Bits Are Bits" with well-engineered gear these days regardless of what the "High End" and their Golden-Eared subjective reviewers might be evangelizing. IMO, this device is as good as any other bit-perfect streamer for sound quality regardless of the price or how "extreme" one wants to get (whether it's this or this or this or this or even this stuff) - it's really all about features you need/want and how something looks, not how it sounds. As I've said before, there's absolutely nothing wrong with putting money into the materials, workmanship, or appearance of things but don't claim audible differences if there's literally no electrical difference to be found!

Of course, the "High End" audiophile media will not speak openly of an inexpensive $160 Pi streamer like this as sounding the same as any other bit-perfect device. Rather, in the ads, companies will vaguely suggest/hint/theorize rather than outright claim a difference in sound for risk of false advertising. Companies will then leave it to the magazine/online subjective reviewers to make outright claims that "differences were not subtle" in order to avoid truth-in-advertising issues. Sometimes it goes full circle and we see reviewers' comments then quoted by the companies in their advertising - "Best digital transport I've ever heard!".

Such is the mechanism whereby freedom of speech and opinions become recycled as received "wisdom". This is how audiophile myths are born and perpetuated over time with nobody in the media actually testing to verify if claims are indeed facts.

Such has been the game for decades...

Finally, for your own sanity/salvation, I would strongly suggest not letting the "$1000 ethernet cables make a difference!" meme/spirits possess your audiophile psychology/soul just like the the "need-for-expensive-USB-cable" nonsense. Stay rational, and as may be appropriate for one's intent, keep your eye on the philosophy of achieving high fidelity as the goal.


To end this post, I appreciate that Stereophile has been archiving their back-issue articles online over the years. Not just product reviews (with measurements), but also educational technical articles speaking about the process of the craft of how recordings are produced and implications for the home audiophile.

The recent article "Humidity, Concert Hall Sound & Spectral Tilt" is a nice one by Peter W. Mitchell from 1991! As per the title, we have discussions about humidity resulting in high frequency absorption (we discussed temperature and humidity for listeners here on the blog awhile back). He thoughtfully explores how microphones are placed in concert halls, and the effect on frequency response of recordings.

In summary, there is a nice discussion about the utility of "spectral tilt" controls, the idea of applying a "room curve" EQ as it were which tilts down the high frequencies by a few dBs for more accurate sound:
"What I'm suggesting for loudspeakers is not a sharp high-frequency rolloff but a response curve that could be drawn as a straight line with a slight downward tilt. In fact, many speakers already provide this. Of course the result depends not only on their on-axis response but also on how their off-axis response interacts with the acoustics of your listening room."
This kind of idea is consistent with discussions on room correction and "house curves" we've had here for years and in Mitch Barnett's writings with significant influence from the empirical work of Toole et al. (a recent comment here with other rationale).

What I find interesting these days in the magazines is the lack of good general technical discussions like this. While I hope to provide information and discussions here on the blog as an audiophile hobbyist, and certainly other places like forums and sites like Audioholics routinely provide useful insights, where are such articles in Stereophile of late? What about The Absolute Sound or Hi-Fi+ being some other trade magazines we might still see at the (few) bookstores carrying a selection of magazines here in North America?

These days the magazines seem to have dissociated themselves from the role of educating the audiophile with well researched fact-based articles that form the foundation for what we do and how best to improve sound quality independent of the idiosyncratic lives and thoughts of "subjective only" reviewers. It seems that magazines are much more interested in identifying brand names and have us buying even more expensive stuff than understanding the process or intent! This is part of why I've long held that magazines (and the majority of online sites) have become no more than the advertising arm of the Audio Industry (particularly the "High End" companies and these glossy magazines).

I think some hobbyists are afraid to call themselves "audiophiles" because of the lingering perceptions equating audiophilia with audiophool products, ideas and shameless promoters/enablers. I still think "audiophile" is a fine description of the hobbyist who "specializes" in high-quality audio hardware and sound. I know of no better antidote against this stigma than fact-based education; perhaps in time, more of us will not just be proud audiophiles, but also see it as noble to be anti-audiophools.

Kudos again for Stereophile to at least post these gems from the past. It's good to keep in mind the "spectral tilt" and this is one of those things we might want to look out for with loudspeaker measurements not just on-axis but off-axis as well. For me, I'm still of the opinion that the amount of "tilt" one chooses remains a subjective matter of taste depending on one's hearing, the room, and the kinds of music we listen to most.

Check this out... Teens (probably raised on today's dynamically crushed recordings) appreciating high dynamic range:

I wish artists, production people, and record labels would remember those days when music utilized dynamics for emotional impact (instead of wimpy loud sound). Go on Phil Collins, show 'em how it's really done! :-)

Stay safe, stay healthy, and enjoy the music, friends...

PS: I see UK reviewer Simon Price at 13th Note HiFi Reviews is leaving audio writing with some tell-all / blunt articles like this one recently. As someone who aims to be "more objective", yeah, no surprise what he's saying about the Industry and products. Wishing him well in future ventures.

Addendum (August 11, 2020):
In my testing of the Raspberry Pi 3B(+) streamer over the last week with a few of my DACs (Topping, RME, TEAC) with Roon and RoPieee, I noticed what sounds like digital error sneaking through (sounds like a little 'tick' or noise) typically when I'm using DSP and upsampling every few minutes.

Increasing the buffer setting in Roon to 100ms fixes the issue:

Seems to be buffer underrun when set to "Default" (I'm guessing this is around 50ms?). Feel free to use higher values like 250ms or 500ms. Remember that increasing buffer size could increase latency but this will not change sound quality - if anything, potentially less CPU load and reducing "noise" from the processing if you believe this even makes a difference. ;-)

Also, if you have a managed ethernet switch (like my Netgear Nighthawk S8000), increasing the priority to the port might make a difference.

Addendum (October 2020):
Here's an update with the use of the Raspberry Pi 4 along with discussions on underclocking/undervolting.


  1. I'd still get a RBPi 4. It has the USB on a separate bus, which is just a better design.
    And it's newer, which means parts and accessories will be more available in a year or two than with older designs. The cost difference between it an a 3B+ isn't much.

    As far as the heat issue, for about $15-20 you can get a nice aluminum case with heatsinks that takes care of the heaat issue and also looks "audiophile".
    There's also the Aragon case with passive cooling and also a fan. The fan apparently rarely comes on, and not at all when the Pi is only used as an audio endpoint.

    The Allo units are nice b/c you know they are well built with good parts, and there's support. You can also get one with a case and an add on board with SPDIF-coax outs. Then you have a streamer that's very flexible in terms of connecting to a hi-fi system.

    1. Hi Unknown,
      Yeah, so long as the fan doesn't come on when playing music with a Pi4, I'd be happy. In my quiet sound room, I can hear almost everything that's a source of noise around the house - sometimes I even have to turn off the aquarium pump upstairs in the middle of the night to avoid annoying noise pollution.

      I can imagine getting something like this being a nice cool Pi4 unobtrusive passive case:
      Looks like it keeps the screen ribbon cable open although I don't think I'd be able to secure it to the SmartiPi Touch case for the screen due to how the screw works.

      Yes, the ethernet is certainly better on the Pi4 and CPU faster, but given the use case where we know the data rates we need for audio streaming, bandwidth just has to be adequate for that. I've even used 32/768 upsampling to the Pi 3 B now and it still works well through my ethernet without dropouts or errors! In fact, since the demands appear to be very low with RoPieee, I probably will just keep the 3 B as the streaming appliance and use the B+ on my audio testbench for testing purposes with the S/PDIF HAT for coax/TosLink measurements.

      The Allo S/PDIF DIGIONE HAT board (and their products in general) looks good:
      Should be easy to add that onto the build here although other than my Squeezebox Transporter, I think a TosLink output would be more useful than BNC. I know their rationale about jitter being poorer with TosLink, but some of the best DACs have excellent jitter rejection and it is convenient for compatibility!

  2. Would this do multichannel via USB to a multichannel DAC?

    1. Hi Mike,
      I have not tried for a USB multichannel mode. Have not seen any reports of success though...

      If anyone has tried, let us know!

  3. Archimago,

    I use a Raspberry Pi/Logitech server system for quite a while.

    I've been using a Benchmark DAC1 for a long time and I'm going to replace it with a Benchmark DAC2L that I bought quite a while ago. (Been too lazy to do the replacement).

    I've been using the Toslink connection from the Raspberry Pi in to my Benchmark DAC1 (it didn't have USB).

    The replacement DAC2L has USB input so I figure on using that.

    Is there anything I need to know, or be wary of, in terms of moving from the ancient technology of Toslink to a USB connection? I understand there's lots of woo-woo about system noise in the computer audiophile circles, but I seem to remember some from the skeptical side saying that USB at least in theory can be a bit more prone to issues.


    1. Hi Vaal,
      Nothing to worry about at all with USB. The one difference between S/PDIF and USB is that USB is bi-directional and the streamer will detect when you turn off the DAC.

      For RoPieee for example, when I turn off the RME ADI-2 DAC, the screen will go into the "Connection Failure" notification but then once the screensaver timeout period is passed, the screensaver clock comes on. I leave the device on 24/7 and the next time I want to listen to music, I turn on the RME DAC and go into Roon and play music as normal.

      Remember, for all those worried about jitter, asynchronous USB is superior in general to S/PDIF especially on less expensive DACs. Sure, there are instances where the 8kHz PHY packet noise might be present as discussed in the past but this has certainly not been an issue in normal DAC setups I've used.

      Have fun and let me know how it goes!

    2. Thanks very much Archimago!

      Funny, I use usb and other connections in my professional application without a second thought. It's only when I'm in audiophile mode, and my "precious music system," that I get more nervous.

      I leave my DAC on all the time so it shouldn't be a problem.

    3. Well well well!
      Tryout Innuos Phoenix reclocker

  4. Hi Archimago,
    I would add to Pale's question:
    Will Benchmark DAC2 connect correctly to a USB 3.2 Gen1 or Gen2 computer?

    1. Don't know Vlad,
      I don't have a Benchmark DAC2! Theoretically USB3 should be backwards compatible with the right cables (ie. Type C cable presumably)...

  5. Nice post, Archimago. I also recently picked up a Pi 4 w/ Ropieee to use as a Roon endpoint. I'm using it with USB for now, while I'm waiting on the HifiBerry Digi+ to ship from Switzerland.

    It looks like you're upsampling PCM pretty highly. My understanding of how Roon works is that the processing happens on the server, so it's alright to have a lightweight endpoint. I'm curious, though, if you're noticing any performance issues (network or playback) with the Pi? I've noticed that mine hits some pretty high temperatures with upsampled PCM, and it looks like Hifiberry sells heat sinks for the Pi to account for this.

    1. Hi dhruvfire,
      Sounds like fun when you get the Digi+!

      Yes, Roon will do the upsampling on the server side and no, I don't upsample all the time ;-). It was more to check the overhead capability and show you guys that it can be done even with an inexpensive Pi 3B(+) streaming solution.

      Yeah, if you have the Pi 4, it can run pretty hot. I have not seen the Pi 3B+ go above ~60.5C here with my little heatsink in place; I'll need to have a peek at the Pi 3B which I suspect will run even a little cooler.

      I'd be curious if you notice any thermal throttling on the Pi 4... Are you using a fan?

  6. My wife, who is definitely not an audiophile, love the reaction of these two young men who first discover "our generation's music". It is so funny.

    1. For sure Jim,
      It's cool to see the younger folks enjoying the music of previous generations. While they won't particularly seek out music of the '70s or '80s, my kids who are in their teens now seem to quite enjoy the older stuff (especially the late '80s) when I put it on and likewise, I can appreciate some of their modern pop like say Taylor Swift or P!nk or Billie Eilish.

      I'm glad neither of the kids like really loud stuff (yet). Typically they tell me to turn down my Led Zeppelin and AC/DC at home... ;-)

  7. Nice article. I just finished putting together a similar build. I'm using a Pi 4, piCorePlayer, and the new Hifi Berry DAC2 HD. Built it using your guide and inspiration from a a couple years back. CPU temp on the Pi 4 is 60 during normal playback with SOX upsampling happening on the Pi.

    Built this to replace my SBT for a second system. I use WiFi and the SBT can't keep up with some of the higher bit rate material. I run LMS on the Pi 4 and also run the Squeezebox Support setting on Roon on my media server so I can switch from using the LMS apps like Pandora against the LMS server or run as a Roon endpoint for the Roon UI experience.

    Very good sound from the DAC HAT and a fun project to work on. Thanks again.

    1. Great to hear Unknown!

      Good temp on the Pi 4. I haven't tried the HifiBerry DAC2 HD (Burr Brown PCM1796) and it looks like a nice upgrade over my DAC+ Pro (BB PCM5122-based).


    2. Getting off topic but it will be interesting to read reviews of the HiFiBerry DAC2 HD when they start coming out. I have only a small sample size of DACs. My reference is the Chord Qutest and I have the original SBT in addition the DAC2 HD. Listening critically I hear all the details in the DAC2 that I hear on the Qutest but over long listening sessions there's just something about the Qutest that sounds more natural and effortless. Given the respective prices it's kinda neat that they sound as close to each other as they do in my system.

    3. That's good to hear Doug that the HiFiBerry competes,
      Let's see... Chord Qutest costs about US$2000. HiFiBerry DAC2 HD <US$100. Hmmm, that's a 20+ times difference in price man!

      Remember that the Qutest, like most Chord gear has a very strong "brick wall" filter. If you run piCorePlayer, try out the brick-wall SoX filter setting as per this post to emulate the "Chord-like" filter with your HiFiBerry DAC2 HD:

      Performance should be quite close to the Chord "Incisive Neutral HF filter".

      I'm tempted to get one of these DAC2 HD HATs but alas I think I have enough DAC-per-capita units here in my household already! :-)

    4. Thanks for the tips. I've played with those filter settings quite a bit but I haven't been able to convince myself that I hear a difference yet.

      What did make a difference was running a new room EQ and filter creation in REW for the HiFiBerry. In hindsight that's obvious. The Chord may be slightly brighter so applying the room correction filters from the audio stream with the Chord to the HiFiBerry made the HiFiBerry sound slightly darker than it would otherwise. Once I did a new room analysis with REW using the HiFiBerry DAC in the chain to capture the pink noise measurements the sound of HiFiBerry and Chord are even closer. This tells me that the two DACs do sound different to me and in my system I can see how some people would prefer the Chord and some the HiFiBerry.

      Given the price difference you pointed out that's a wow. I'm glad I have both since one of them is going in a second system but I could blissfully happy with either though.

  8. Thanks for this.... I am upgrading from a Chromecast audio to a 3B+ roon endpoint. My system will be Synology NAS, to 3B+, to Audio-GB NFB28 (ES-9018) version, to HifiMan HEX phones.... What would your next audible upgrade be in this chain. Going to a 9038 Dac, or just saving for better phones...? or am I past the point of dimishing returns withe the PI?

    THanks for your opinion, I do not have "Golden Ears", just enjoy a good soundstage and recording.

    1. Hi gatorengineer,
      Cool, what kind of engineering do you do with the gators??? Some kind of biotech? :-)

      Nice man, looks like you have a very competent DAC/headphone amp there as well as nice headphones!

      Well, first things first... Enjoy the music and listen for any anomalies you think you could improve on would be my general recommendation. These days having measured enough DACs and heard enough of what likely can or cannot make a difference, for the most part, it comes down to:

      1. Are there resolution deficits I'd like to address? I don't seen an issue with your gear unless you've come across any concerns for example in other reviews and measurements of your DAC for example.

      2. Are there any anomalies/annoyances I'd like an upgrade to address? For example, high noise level in the headphone amplifier, annoying functional issues like glitchy sound, over heating, hum, you want more power, poor software drivers, etc...

      3. Do I want a different/better sound from the transducer? I have not heard the HEX but reviews seem good but I'm sure it will sound different from other headphones. Does it have enough bass? Do you want to add a close-backed headphone to your collection?

      If the system ticks all the check boxes and the music sound great, then no need to get bitten by the upgrade bug!

  9. Hey thanks for the thorough and thoughtful response. University of Florida engineering grad hence gator engineer by the way.. Looking for a blacker background and a bigger Soundstage.... I think I hear alot of blurr or muddy for lack of any better term... Most of the stuff on the server is FLAC or better so the chromecast going away may help with that. I listen to alot of chesky so I have some good recordings...

  10. Regarding an inexpensive streamer, i use my old android phone that is still in good shape, sans the battery.

  11. Great stuff. A simple question, have you tried VitOS for ROON? I have a RPI4 and found better sound with VitOS than Ropieee

  12. Is there an alternative to roon if I only want to stream local files?

    1. You could use Logitech Media Server (LMS) on the computer with the local files. If you want to build this nifty raspi streamer with display then you could use PiCorePlayer with Jivelite and Squeezelite on the raspi. Here's a link to the 2017 article on this site that goes over that project:

  13. Archimago, in your 8/11/20 Addendum, you wrote:
    "...and reducing "noise" from the processing if you believe this even makes a difference"
    I have heard comments from folks that claim that purposely-built music server are less "noisy" than an off-the-shelf computer running the same software. It is also claimed that the higher "noise" generated is being sent to the DAC and that it affects the sound. Under that argument, the RPi, being an off-the-shelf computer would generate more noise. I assume that this is what you are referring to.
    Three follow-up questions on that:
    1. Is there indeed noise being generated in the computer and passed on to the DAC?
    2. Can it be measured?
    3. What effect does the noise have on the DAC?

  14. Thanks Arch,
    I just followed your very descriptive instructions to build an audio streamer (without the display) that I will use for Spotify since I already have other Roon-Endpoints. Thank you!
    Also, I wanted to mention that when you press the link to the "Raspberry Pi 3 B+" from your list of devices, the product that is linked to in Amazon is NOT the Plus ("+") model. Rather it is the older "Raspberry Pi 3 B".

  15. Anyone find a display upgrade within range ? The official 7" Pi Touchscreen appears to have a decided advantage in connection simplicity with the adapter board. I've seen several for sale that have 1024x600 IPS displays with smaller borders but either need soldering or several cables looping around the side of the display. This one looks reasonably good (slightly better display) but need to solder a few wires to avoid the external touch display connection.

  16. Serious question: Why not just get a used or NOS Squeezebox Touch? There are tons of them on the market, you pay a bit more but you save a lot of time configuring, installing, etc. and it's close enough-plug-n-play (not quite, but close)!

  17. Hi, Archimago.
    Have been having intermittent issues with the Dell desktop currently dedicated as my music server running JRiver Music Center.
    I was considering upgrading the machine to Win10 but got to thinking that simplification might be in order.
    As a long time reader (and avid fan) of your Musings, I know that you have considerable personal experience with Raspberry Pi application to audio.
    Is there a way for a Raspberry Pi build to replace a PC, i.e., run JRiver, access my outboard music library, output to my Mytek DAC and perhaps utilize my existing monitor and keyboard?
    I would also be appreciative of alternatives that you might suggest.

  18. i've just put this together just like yours. any chance i can get tidal on this? if so can it stream both hifi + master? thanks.